Bind variable peeking: Retrieve peeked and passed values per execution in oracle 11.2

To understand this blog post you have to know what bind variable peeking is. You can found a very good explanation into this Kerry Osborne’s blog post.

So when dealing with performance issues linked to bind variable peeking you have to know:

  • The peeked values (The ones that generate the execution plan)
  • The passed values (The ones that have been passed to the sql statement)

Kerry Osborne helped us to retrieve the peeked values from v$sql_plan view into this blog post, but what about the passed values ?  For those ones, Tanel Poder helped us to retrieve the passed values from v$sql_monitor into this blog post (This is reliable compare to v$sql_bind_capture)

Great ! So we know how to extract the peeked and the passed values. Another interesting point is that v$sql_monitor contains also the sql_exec_id field (see this blog post for more details about this field).

Here we are:  It looks like that as of 11.2 we are able to retrieve the passed and peeked values per execution (If the statement is “monitored” which  means CPU + I/O wait time >= 5 seconds per default (can be changed thanks to the _sqlmon_threshold hidden parameter).

But as your are dealing with performance issues related to bind variable peeking it is likely that the sql is monitored ;-)

So let’s write the sql to do so, and let’s test it.

The sql script is the following:

SQL> !cat binds_peeked_passed.sql
set linesi 200 pages 999 feed off verify off
col bind_name format a20
col end_time format a19
col start_time format a19
col peeked format a20
col passed format a20

alter session set nls_date_format='YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS';
alter session set nls_timestamp_format='YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS';

select
pee.sql_id,
ash.starting_time,
ash.end_time,
(EXTRACT(HOUR FROM ash.run_time) * 3600
                    + EXTRACT(MINUTE FROM ash.run_time) * 60
                    + EXTRACT(SECOND FROM ash.run_time)) run_time_sec,
pee.plan_hash_value,
pee.bind_name,
pee.bind_pos,
pee.bind_data peeked,
run_t.bind_data passed
from
(
select
p.sql_id,
p.sql_child_address,
p.sql_exec_id,
c.bind_name,
c.bind_pos,
c.bind_data
from
v$sql_monitor p,
xmltable
(
'/binds/bind' passing xmltype(p.binds_xml)
columns bind_name varchar2(30) path '/bind/@name',
bind_pos number path '/bind/@pos',
bind_data varchar2(30) path '/bind'
) c
where
p.binds_xml is not null
) run_t
,
(
select
p.sql_id,
p.child_number,
p.child_address,
c.bind_name,
c.bind_pos,
p.plan_hash_value,
case
     when c.bind_type = 1 then utl_raw.cast_to_varchar2(c.bind_data)
     when c.bind_type = 2 then to_char(utl_raw.cast_to_number(c.bind_data))
     when c.bind_type = 96 then to_char(utl_raw.cast_to_varchar2(c.bind_data))
     else 'Sorry: Not printable try with DBMS_XPLAN.DISPLAY_CURSOR'
end bind_data
from
v$sql_plan p,
xmltable
(
'/*/peeked_binds/bind' passing xmltype(p.other_xml)
columns bind_name varchar2(30) path '/bind/@nam',
bind_pos number path '/bind/@pos',
bind_type number path '/bind/@dty',
bind_data  raw(2000) path '/bind'
) c
where
p.other_xml is not null
) pee,
(
select
sql_id,
sql_exec_id,
max(sample_time - sql_exec_start) run_time,
max(sample_time) end_time,
sql_exec_start starting_time
from
v$active_session_history
group by sql_id,sql_exec_id,sql_exec_start
) ash
where
pee.sql_id=run_t.sql_id and
pee.sql_id=ash.sql_id and
run_t.sql_exec_id=ash.sql_exec_id and
pee.child_address=run_t.sql_child_address and
pee.bind_name=run_t.bind_name and
pee.bind_pos=run_t.bind_pos and
pee.sql_id like nvl('&sql_id',pee.sql_id)
order by 1,2,3,7 ;

Now let’s test it:

SQL> var my_owner varchar2(50)
SQL> var my_date varchar2(30)
SQL> var my_object_id number
SQL> exec :my_owner :='BDT'

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> exec :my_date := '01-jan-2001'

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> exec :my_object_id :=1

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> select /*+ MONITOR */ count(*),min(object_id),max(object_id) from bdt2 where owner=:my_owner and created > :my_date and object_id > :my_object_id;

  COUNT(*) MIN(OBJECT_ID) MAX(OBJECT_ID)
---------- -------------- --------------
   6974365              2          18233

SQL> @binds_peeked_passed.sql
Enter value for sql_id: 

SQL_ID        STARTING_TIME       END_TIME            RUN_TIME_SEC PLAN_HASH_VALUE BIND_NAME              BIND_POS PEEKED               PASSED
------------- ------------------- ------------------- ------------ --------------- -------------------- ---------- -------------------- --------------------
bu9367qrhq28t 2013/04/29 11:01:02 2013/04/29 11:01:07        5.678      1047781245 :MY_OWNER                     1 BDT                  BDT
bu9367qrhq28t 2013/04/29 11:01:02 2013/04/29 11:01:07        5.678      1047781245 :MY_DATE                      2 01-jan-2001          01-jan-2001
bu9367qrhq28t 2013/04/29 11:01:02 2013/04/29 11:01:07        5.678      1047781245 :MY_OBJECT_ID                 3 1                    1

As this is the first execution then peeked values = passed values. Note that I used the “MONITOR” hint to force the sql to be monitored and then get an entry into v$sql_monitor.

Let’s put new passed values:

SQL> exec :my_date := '01-jan-2002'

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> exec :my_object_id :=100

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> select /*+ MONITOR */ count(*),min(object_id),max(object_id) from bdt2 where owner=:my_owner and created > :my_date and object_id > :my_object_id;

  COUNT(*) MIN(OBJECT_ID) MAX(OBJECT_ID)
---------- -------------- --------------
   6923776            101          18233

SQL> @binds_peeked_passed.sql
Enter value for sql_id: 

SQL_ID        STARTING_TIME       END_TIME            RUN_TIME_SEC PLAN_HASH_VALUE BIND_NAME              BIND_POS PEEKED               PASSED
------------- ------------------- ------------------- ------------ --------------- -------------------- ---------- -------------------- --------------------
bu9367qrhq28t 2013/04/29 11:01:02 2013/04/29 11:01:07        5.678      1047781245 :MY_OWNER                     1 BDT                  BDT
bu9367qrhq28t 2013/04/29 11:01:02 2013/04/29 11:01:07        5.678      1047781245 :MY_DATE                      2 01-jan-2001          01-jan-2001
bu9367qrhq28t 2013/04/29 11:01:02 2013/04/29 11:01:07        5.678      1047781245 :MY_OBJECT_ID                 3 1                    1
bu9367qrhq28t 2013/04/29 11:07:21 2013/04/29 11:07:25        4.139      1047781245 :MY_OWNER                     1 BDT                  BDT
bu9367qrhq28t 2013/04/29 11:07:21 2013/04/29 11:07:25        4.139      1047781245 :MY_DATE                      2 01-jan-2001          01-jan-2002
bu9367qrhq28t 2013/04/29 11:07:21 2013/04/29 11:07:25        4.139      1047781245 :MY_OBJECT_ID                 3 1                    100

So as you can see, peeked values are the same and passed are not: bind variable peeking in action ;-)

Conclusion:

We are able to retrieve peeked and passed values per execution.

Remarks:

  1. You need Diagnostic and tuning licenses pack to query v$active_session_history and v$sql_monitor.
  2. The query is not able to retrieve the DATE values (if any) from the v$sql_plan (check the code): This is because I don’t want to create a new function into the database. If you want to extract the DATE datatype then you could create the display_raw function (see Kerry Osborne’s blog post for this) and modify the sql.
  3. If you know how to extract DATE values from RAW type without creating new function please tell me so that i can update the code ;-)
About these ads
  1. #1 by Matthias Rogel on 29/04/2013 - 3:04 pm

    “If you know how to extract DATE values from RAW type without creating new function please tell me so that i can update the code”

    http://marogel.wordpress.com/2013/04/29/utl_raw-cast_to_date/

    just add

    when c.bind_type = 12 then
    to_char(
    date’1-1-1′
    + NUMTOYMINTERVAL(100 * (to_number(substr(c.bind_data,1,2), ‘xx’) – 100) + to_number(substr(c.bind_data,3,2), ‘xx’) – 101, ‘year’)
    + NUMTOYMINTERVAL(to_number(substr(c.bind_data,5,2), ‘xx’)-1, ‘month’)
    + NUMTODSINTERVAL(to_number(substr(c.bind_data,7,2), ‘xx’)-1, ‘day’)
    + NUMTODSINTERVAL(to_number(substr(c.bind_data,9,2), ‘xx’) – 1, ‘hour’)
    + NUMTODSINTERVAL(to_number(substr(c.bind_data,11,2), ‘xx’) – 1, ‘minute’)
    + NUMTODSINTERVAL(to_number(substr(c.bind_data,13,2), ‘xx’) – 1, ‘second’)
    )

    to your query

  2. #2 by Dom Brooks on 29/04/2013 - 4:28 pm

    How about DBMS_STATS.CONVERT_RAW_VALUE? (a procedure so needs a wrapper).

    Or extract binds using DBMS_SQLTUNE.EXTRACT_BINDS (usual license caveats apply)

  3. #4 by Richard Rankin on 30/04/2013 - 1:48 am

    You should be able to get the information other than from the high price packs. You can read out of the SGA if you have to.

  4. #5 by Mayank Singh on 04/10/2013 - 11:49 am

    Hi,
    I am getting no output from above query , although SQL_ID is there in V$SQL and Insert statement is having lot of bind variable but bind value are not getting logged in oracle traces

  5. #6 by bdrouvot on 05/10/2013 - 3:26 am

    Hello,

    Then it is likely that the sql_id is not being monitored (not into v$sql_monitor). You can force the monitoring via a sql profile so that it will appear into the v$sql_monitor.

    To force the monitoring you can use this script: http://www.oracle-guy.com/scripts/fm.sql

    Bertrand

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 657 other followers

%d bloggers like this: